Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta were the two largest Greek city-states of the Ancient world. The Athenian strategy was initially guided by the strategos, or general, Pericles, who advised the Athenians to avoid open battle with the far more numerous and better trained Spartan hoplites, relying instead on the fleet. In the first phase, the Archidamian War, Sparta launched repeated invasions of Attica, while Athens took advantage of its naval supremacy to raid the coast of the Peloponnese and attempt to suppress signs of unrest in its empire. If I had the option to live in Ancient Sparta or Ancient Athens, I would undoubtedly select Athens. He prevented the Athenian fleet from attacking Athens; instead, he helped restore democracy by more subtle pressure. He would never again lead Athenians in battle. Revolt and faction threatened in Athens itself. The location of Rm. Barry Strauss: Athens after the Peloponnesian War. With winter approaching, the Athenians were then forced to withdraw into their quarters, and they spent the winter gathering allies and preparing to destroy Syracuse. /Filter /FlateDecode /SA true 4 0 obj /SM 0.02 << � SHARE THE AWESOMENESS. The Athenian force consisted of over 100 ships and some 5,000 infantry and light-armored troops. He took command of the Syracusan troops, and in a series of battles defeated the Athenian forces, and prevented them from invading the city. Athens and Sparta comparison activity. Athens and Sparta Comparison. After these battles, the Spartan general Brasidas raised an army of allies and helots and marched the length of Greece to the Athenian colony of Amphipolis in Thrace, which controlled several nearby silver mines; their product supplied much of the Athenian war fund. Athens vs. Sparta The two rivalries of ancient Greece that made the most racket and created many of the traditions were Athens and Sparta. By the middle of the century, the Persians had been driven from the Aegean and forced to cede control of a vast range of territories to Athens. Only twelve Athenian ships escaped, and several of these sailed to Cyprus, carrying the strategos (general) Conon, who was anxious not to face the judgment of the Assembly. Themistocles is forced to an unwilling alliance with the traditional rival of Athens, oligarchic Sparta whose might lies with its superior infantry troops. The Athenian Empire, although based in the peninsula of Attica, spread out across the islands of the Aegean Sea; Athens drew its immense wealth from tribute paid from these islands. The Lacedaemonians, with their neighbors the Tegeans, faced the combined armies of Argos, Athens, Mantinea, and Arcadia. For a time during this conflict, Athens controlled not only Megara but also Boeotia; at its end, however, in the face of a massive Spartan invasion of Attica, the Athenians ceded the lands they had won on the Greek mainland, and Athens and Sparta recognized each other's right to control their respective alliance systems. Athens Homework! Sparta and Athens - these two city-states have been credited for being the cradle of western civilization. Athens vs. Sparta Athens and Sparta were so different that they hardly had anything in common. Athens vs Sparta Sierra Cook American Military University Background The purpose of this assignment is to engage in a battle of wits to prove whether Athens or Sparta is … Bury remarks, the Peloponnesians would have considered it the "Attic War".[3]. The Spartan fleet under Callicratidas lost 70 ships and the Athenians lost 25 ships. Shattering religious and cultural taboos, devastating vast swathes of countryside, and destroying whole cities, the Peloponnesian War marked the dramatic end to the fifth century BC and the golden age of Greece.[6]. endobj Is this statement about Sparta, Athens or both of them: Worship the Greek god and goddesses. Athens vs. Sparta 1146 Words | 5 Pages. Sparta . Although the power of Athens was broken, it made something of a recovery as a result of the Corinthian War and continued to play an active role in Greek politics. Alcibiades demanded that he be put on trial at once, so that he might defend himself before the expedition. In the battle, the Athenians obliterated the Spartan fleet, and succeeded in re-establishing the financial basis of the Athenian Empire. In 411 BC this fleet engaged the Spartans at the Battle of Syme. [28][29][30], Cyrus the Younger would later obtain the support of the Spartans in return, after having asked them "to show themselves as good friend to him, as he had been to them during their war against Athens", when he led his own expedition to Susa in 401 BC in order to topple his brother, Artaxerxes II.[31]. They were supported in this by Argos, a powerful state within the Peloponnese that had remained independent of Lacedaemon. In Athens people worship their minds. � �l%��Ž��� �W��H* �=BR d�J:::�� �$ @H* �,�T Y � �@R d�� �I �� Sparta Women Vs. Athens Women Greece Empire have two poleis which are Sparta and Athens that dominated Greek life and politics in the Classical Age. Although the term "Peloponnesian War" was never used by Thucydides, one of the conflict's most important historians, the fact that the term is all but universally used today is a reflection of the Athens-centric sympathies of modern historians. But, due to bad weather, the Athenians were unable to rescue their stranded crews or finish off the Spartan fleet. A fifteen-year conflict, commonly known as the First Peloponnesian War, ensued, in which Athens fought intermittently against Sparta, Corinth, Aegina, and a number of other states. But Xerxes still reigns supreme in numbers over sea and land. Athens Vs. Sparta By: Suhansh Bijlani Among ancient Greece cities, two significant cities were Athens and Sparta, Sparta had the brawls, and Athens had the brains. (S) The Athenian City (polis) and the Spartan empire. Alcibiades was not re-elected general by the Athenians and he exiled himself from the city. [9], Friction between Athens and the Peloponnesian states, including Sparta, began early in the Pentecontaetia; in the wake of the departure of the Persians from Greece, Sparta attempted to prevent the reconstruction of the walls of Athens (without the walls, Athens would have been defenseless against a land attack and subject to Spartan control), but was rebuffed. /AIS false Sparta is not considered as home to any modern civilization. Their opposition led to the reinstitution of a democratic government in Athens within two years. Thucydides reports that the Corinthians condemned Sparta's inactivity up to that point, warning the Spartans that if they continued to remain passive while the Athenians were energetically active, they would soon find themselves outflanked and without allies. The Original Thucydides Trap: Sparta vs. Athens. athens vs sparta chart, athens vs sparta using this in our lesson tomorrow, athens vs sparta venn diagram sada margarethaydon com, athens vs sparta brochure, comparing athens and sparta … HAVE FUN! By Natalie . Athens and Sparta Comparison Chart and ReadingThis fantastic resource for your Ancient Greece unit features a 1-page reading that describes the major differences between Athens and Sparta. Women were able to receive an education, have property, and as girls were trained in group exercises and agility. The democrats at Samos, loyal to the bitter last, held on slightly longer, and were allowed to flee with their lives. Early Spartan attempts to break up the coalition failed, and the leadership of the Spartan king Agis was called into question. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. /Type /XObject /Width 625 /Type /ExtGState Athens vs. Sparta Ancient Greece was comprised of small city-states, of which Sparta and Athens were two. These sanctions, known as the Megarian decree, were largely ignored by Thucydides, but some modern economic historians have noted that forbidding Megara to trade with the prosperous Athenian empire would have been disastrous for the Megarans, and have accordingly considered the decree to be a contributing factor in bringing about the war. /ca 1.0 Athens was "to have the same friends and enemies" as Sparta. 2018. One of these posts was near Pylos on a tiny island called Sphacteria, where the course of the first war turned in Athens's favour. /Creator (�� w k h t m l t o p d f 0 . 1 2 . Threatened with starvation, the Athenian fleet had no choice but to follow. The Battle of Mantinea was the largest land battle fought within Greece during the Peloponnesian War. (Beckman, 2016, 116). << The Democratic city of Athens, first on the path of Xerxes' army, bases its strength on its fleet, led by admiral Themistocles. Demosthenes, however, outmanoeuvred the Spartans in the Battle of Pylos in 425 BC and trapped a group of Spartan soldiers on Sphacteria as he waited for them to surrender. The Persians were slow to furnish promised funds and ships, frustrating battle plans. "Handle Him with Care: The Importance of Getting Thucydides Right. In order to uphold the Thirty Years' Peace, however, the Athenians were instructed not to intervene in the battle unless it was clear that Corinth was going to press onward to invade Corcyra. Cavalry was limited to about 30 horses, which proved to be no match for the large and highly trained Syracusan cavalry. Sparta and Athens Sparta The distinctiveness of Sparta. Sparta's powerful ally Corinth was notably opposed to intervention, and the congress voted against war with Athens. The Spartans, whose intervention would have been the trigger for a massive war to determine the fate of the empire, called a congress of their allies to discuss the possibility of war with Athens. The fear of plague was so widespread that the Spartan invasion of Attica was abandoned, their troops being unwilling to risk contact with the diseased enemy. During the subsequent Battle of Potidaea, the Corinthians unofficially aided Potidaea by sneaking contingents of men into the besieged city to help defend it. Athens's naval supremacy would now be challenged without several of its most able military leaders and a demoralized navy. [/Pattern /DeviceRGB] The result was a complete victory for the Spartans, which rescued their city from the brink of strategic defeat. After his defection, Alcibiades claimed to the Spartans that the Athenians planned to use Sicily as a springboard for the conquest of all of Italy and Carthage, and to use the resources and soldiers from these new conquests to conquer the Peloponnese. B. endobj In 415 BC, Athens dispatched a massive expeditionary force to attack Syracuse, Sicily; the attack failed disastrously, with the destruction of the entire force in 413 BC. Then, they must read scenarios and decide what city-state they would want to join In Sparta people worship their bodies. Both. However, it was a time of constant skirmishing in and around the Peloponnese. 8 . Ed. [21] The Athenians, in response, reminded the Spartans of their record of military success and opposition to Persia, and warned them of the dangers of confronting such a powerful state, ultimately encouraging Sparta to seek arbitration as provided by the Thirty Years' Peace. Athens Vs Sparta: who is Superior. (�f�y�$ ����؍v��3����S}B�2E�����َ_>������.S, �'��5ܠo���������}��ز�y���������� ����Ǻ�G���l�a���|��-�/ ����B����QR3��)���H&�ƃ�s��.��_�l�&bS�#/�/^��� �|a����ܚ�����TR��,54�Oj��аS��N- �\�\����GRX�����G�����‡�r]=��i$ 溻w����ZM[�X�H�J_i��!TaOi�0��W��06E��rc 7|U%���b~8zJ��7�T ���v�������K������OŻ|I�NO:�"���gI]��̇�*^��� @�-�5m>l~=U4!�fO�ﵽ�w賔��ٛ�/�?�L���'W��ӣ�_��Ln�eU�HER `�����p�WL�=�k}m���������=���w�s����]�֨�]. Sparta vs AthensBy: Bryce BoganBrains VS BrawnAthens They had a peaceful And well educated society.Sparta They were a strong government based on war and violence.

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